UgandaCountry Profile Flags of UgandaCoat of arms of ugandaUganda AnthemIndependence Date: October 9, 1962 (from the UK) Form of government: Republic Territory: 236,040 km² (81st in the world) Population: 34,758,809 people. (36th in the world) Capital: Kampala Currency: Ugandan shilling Time zone: UTC + 3 Largest cities: Kampala, Gulu, LiriVVP: $ 29.036 billion (97th in the world) Internet domain: .ug Telephone code: +256 (+006 from Kenya and Tanzania)
Uganda - A state located in East Africa. The official name is the Republic of Uganda. "Pearl of Africa" is not among the most visited countries of tourists, but this is its value. In Uganda, you can watch the colorful fauna - the most diverse on the continent! And in combination with a distinctive culture and mild climate, this place becomes especially attractive. Uganda will also be interesting to history lovers: some scientists believe that here, in the origins of the Nile, the birth of civilization occurred and the first people of our planet appeared.
HighlightsLioness in Queen Elizabeth National Park
The state borders Kenya in the east, South Sudan in the north, Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Rwanda in the south-west and Tanzania in the south. Uganda belongs to the inland countries, ranking second after Ethiopia in the area - 236,040 km². Included in the Commonwealth of Nations.
The southern part of Uganda includes a significant part of Lake Victoria, making it part of the region of the Great African Lakes. The Republic is also located within the Nile Basin, and has a diverse, predominantly equatorial climate.
The name of the country comes from the Kingdom of Buganda, which means "Uganda" in Swahili. The name stuck, because it was him who in 1894 was used by the British when creating a protectorate.
Nature and climate
Like Ecuador, Uganda lies exactly at the equator. The South American country even borrowed its name from it, and Uganda simply enjoys the warmth and abundance of moisture. The average height is about 1000 m above sea level - this means that the thermometer here does not rise to such heights as in neighboring Kenya. Only in the far north of Uganda there are periods of dry heat, but in the mountains of Rwenzori, waterproof warm clothing is needed every day. In most parts of the country, it will not be needed: even in the coldest month of July + 16 ... +21 ° C you are guaranteed.Gorilla poses in the impenetrable jungles of Bwindi National Park. Sunset in Murchison Falls National Park. Giraffes in savanna in western Uganda. Peacock caterpillar Fishermen on Lake Victoria
Wet seasons in Uganda two - "short rains" (Apr.-May) and "long rains" (Oct.-Nov.). Both he and the other do not cause much trouble: it is rather periods of frequent short thunderstorms. In the mountains it can pour for a long time, so it’s better not to plan a trip to Rwenzori for the wet months. The tourist season in Uganda is the months from June to October and from December to March.
The role of the sea in Uganda is successfully played by Lake Victoria, on the shores of which the capital of the country and its main airport are located. In the city of Dzhindzha from the lake flows the Nile, which was once considered the longest river on the planet. If Egypt is called the "child of the Nile", then Uganda can be considered the "mother" of the great river. On its way to the Sudanese border, the Nile meets several lakes, the largest of which is Albert. To the east and north of the river are not the most prosperous arid areas, but in the west and south-west of Uganda, the jungle reigns and the highest mountains rise.
Uganda AttractionsThe Nile River: The Nile is one of the largest rivers in the world.It had a significant impact on the development of ... Lake Victoria: Lake Victoria is a reservoir in East Africa, located on the territory of three states: Tanzania, ... Lake Albert: Lake Albert is located in East Africa, on the border of two states - Democratic ... Ruwenzori: Mount Ruenzori - Spread out on the wooded slopes of the Mubuku Valley, this national park is ... Sese Islands: Sese Islands is an archipelago consisting of 84 islands located in the northwestern part of the lake ... Queen Elizabeth National Park: National Par Queen Elizabeth - the first national park of Uganda occupies the space to the south ... Bwindi National Park: Bwindi National Park is a mountainous area in the extreme south-west of Uganda, which is covered by such ... Mount Elgon: Elgon is an extinct volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya, the fourth highest mountain Of Africa. Located to ... Murchison Falls: Murchison Falls is the largest in Uganda, it is divided into two parts by the Nile River. Not far from the river, in ... All the attractions of Uganda
StoryRanger found poaching trap in the forest
Like Ancient Russia, which arose in the 10th century, Uganda was quickly divided into several warring factions. The kingdom of Buganda, which sold military booty to Arab merchants from the coast of the Indian Ocean, gained the upper hand. Those called the kingdom "Uganda" - the modern name of the country was born.
Even in the time of Aristotle, the Greeks knew that the source of the Nile is in a mountainous country in the depths of Africa. Two thousand years passed before the British Richard Burton and John Speke found out that this country is Uganda. After that, she was left alone until the very beginning of the "fight for Africa" that broke out at the end of the 19th century. In the early 1880s, the Russian geographer Vasily Junker worked in northern Uganda, then descended to the south and crossed Lake Victoria. Meanwhile, in the race for the possession of new colonies, Great Britain was in the lead, making Uganda its protectorate in 1894. Thanks to this, left-hand traffic and the official status of the English language have been established here.Idi Amin - dictator and ogre
In 1962, Uganda gained independence, and in a small country, many immediately wanted to be president. In 1971, this dream was fulfilled by General Idi Amin, nicknamed Dad. Using the help of the USSR and Libya, the two-meter giant produced himself as a field marshal and tried to conquer Tanzania. Even the old soldier Gaddafi condemned the Besperelschik: Amina was stopped supplying weapons, the Tanzanian army occupied Uganda and forced Big Pope to flee. In the life of the people no change for the better in this regard has happened. For 6 years, 6 presidents have changed in Uganda, each of whom has fought a war with numerous rebels. In 1986, field commander Yoweri Museveni became a new national leader. He firmly holds on to power, but at least he tries to ensure normal life for his fellow citizens. In recent years, the year 2010 was the most unpleasant for Uganda, when the royal mausoleum first burned down in Kampala, and then the explosions thundered by terrorists on the day of the World Cup finals.Elephant in the cutwater cloud
The upper course of the Nile serves as the boundary for the peoples belonging to the two largest linguistic groups in Africa. To the south and south-west of the river there are people who speak the Bantu languages - farmers and hunters. We are the first to imagine them when we hear the word "African." The names of the local Bantu nations correspond to the names of the historical kingdoms of Uganda. In the northern part of the country, the ownership of nilotas begins - acoli, langi, lugbara, karamojo and other peoples living in cattle breeding. Nilots have preserved the traditional way of life; they still wear leather clothes and bone jewelery. Bantu historically inhabit the most fertile regions of Uganda and practice Christianity (less commonly Islam).Bantu Traditional Cadodi Dance in Eastern Uganda
Although Indians, Arabs, Chinese and Europeans barely make up 1% of the population, their influence in Uganda’s life cannot be underestimated. Trade, catering and currency exchange - all this is the patrimony of the Asians, while the Europeans set the tone in tourism and the large hotel business.
The main hobbies of Ugandans - music and football.The opportunity to get acquainted with local performers gives a trip on a long-distance bus: they are equipped with LCD-panels, on which endless collections of clips are most often played.
Bananas and ground corn, floury roots of cassava and millet, fish, and meat from pork, goat meat and poultry are in the course. Green and savory bananas (womb) sold everywhere in huge quantities - they are peeled and baked on coals. Cornmeal is prepared in a manner resembling mashed potatoes: it is served with meat and fish dishes along with avocado slices. A thick, viscous dark-brown paste is kneaded from ground millet - it bears a little appetizing name kalo. A cloudy, but well-refreshing drink of the Bushehr is also made from millet. To prepare the bushes, millet coarsely ground is filled with hot water - at this moment it can be eaten like porridge.Pork, rice, beans, tortilla and something like cabbage Baked bananas with rice and nut sauce Fried grasshoppers Tilapia with french fries Stuffed avocado Limes on the market
In the menu of any Ugandan restaurant can be found stew (stew) - meat or fish stewed with spices. It looks like a thick soup, which is more convenient to eat with a spoon. For a quick snack on the road, urino is well suited. (Muchomo) - kebabs of pork, chicken or liver on wooden lambs.
In everyday life Ugandans are polite and calm. You can travel around Uganda for weeks without ever witnessing a street altercation. The same applies to alcohol and smoking: local residents are not just a podshofe appear in public - do not dare to smoke in the open. By the way, the latter is characteristic of other nations of East Africa.
In Uganda, you get tired of answering the endless greetings of the Aborigines. With this "How are you?" does not mean that the person will immediately begin to offer a trip on a safari or ask for money. Ugandans are generally unobtrusive, but on this basis they fall into another extreme: what was ordered in a restaurant may appear on your table ... in an hour.Schoolchildren before vacation Men drink a traditional half-fermented beer called "Ajono" from a common pot. Women weed the beds
North Uganda: jungle and waterfalls
Most of what Uganda can offer its guests is in the south. The north is inhabited by warlike nomads and is dangerously close to the restless South Sudan. In addition, it is here that the infamous group of the Lord’s army of resistance operates. (Lord's Resistance Army), which is fighting the 5 thousandth detachment of the Ugandan army. To help him recently arrived 100 American special forces (by a strange coincidence, this happened right after solid oil deposits were explored in Uganda). In any case, travel to the north must be undertaken with caution. We are not talking about national parks - they are protected.Bananas are being brought to the Murchison Falls market.
To the north of the lakes Kyoga and Albert, you can also find a lot of interesting things. In this part of Uganda are the largest and most inaccessible of its national parks - this is respectively Murchison Falls (Murchison Falls) and Kidepo Valley (Kidepo Valley). In the first of these, most tourists get on the highway from Kampala via Masindi (Masindi, more than 300 km, 4-5 hours.)can also be reached from Gulu (Gulu) - the largest city of the North.Kidepo Valley National Park
Kidepo Valley lies in the extreme northeast of the country, at the junction of the borders of Uganda, Kenya and South Sudan. The distance from Kampala is more than 700 km. (from 9-10 am on the way). In this national park go through Gulu and Kitgum (Kitgum)but more often through Lyra (Lira) and Kotido (Kotido), as well as through Mbale (Mbale) and moroto (Moroto). Expensive safaris include a charter flight from Kampala to Kidepo airport. (2 hours). The road through Gulu allows you to see the Karuma Falls on the Victoria-Nile River, 200 km north of Kampala. This 20-kilometer cascade of thresholds may disappear in the future: for 2016, construction of a hydropower station is planned there.
Budongo Central Reserve (Budongo Central) located between Masindi and the southern border of Murchison Falls Park - the easiest way to get there from Kampala (no more than 1 hour).Lake Albert Behemoth swims in the Nile Delta Giraffes in Murchison Falls
Public transport does not go to national parks - this applies not only to the north, but to the whole country. It is more difficult to organize independent visits to national parks, but it is possible. Guided tours depend on the capabilities of the Uganda Wildlife Service. (Uganda Wildlife Authority, UWA; www.ugandawildlife.org) in each particular park.Rwenzori Mountains
South Uganda: Lakes, Volcanoes and Gorillas
The southern region of Uganda bends a horseshoe: in the middle of Lake Victoria, along the edges of the mountain, the Ruwenzori chain stretches along the edges of the DR Congo, and Elgon volcano rises on the border with Kenya. This is the most densely populated and cultivated part of the country, which is visited by legions of tourists. The most popular destinations are Rwenzori and the habitats of mountain gorillas.Mount Elgon National Park
Most of the national parks of southern Uganda are concentrated along the borders of DR Congo and Rwanda. You can get there by bus from Kampala - it all depends on which park you are going to start from. If with Semuliki and Kibale Forest, it is better to go to Fort Portal (Fort-Portal, 317 km from the capital). Conquerors Rwenzori serves as the base of the town of Kasese (Kasese)where you can get two roads. It is possible through Mbarara (Mbarara), but closer through Fort Portal - this way is 30 km shorter, mail buses arrive in 6 hours. Kasese is also convenient for those traveling to Queen Elizabeth Park.Dawn in the savannah in southern Uganda Streets Mbale
In the extreme south-west of Uganda, the main bases are Kabale (Kabale, Bwindi Impenetrable Park) and Kisoro (Kisoro, Mgahinga Park). The first should not be confused with the village of Kabale in the vicinity of the Fort Portal! Both in the “big” Kabale and in Kisoro can be reached from Kampala or from Kasese, either directly or through Mbarara. The distance from the capital to Kabale is 411 km (about 6 hours on the way). The road from Kasese is shorter, but more difficult, so you will have to go longer (approx. 8 hrs). There are also direct buses to Kisoro from Kampala, for example, from Horizon Coaches. But it will be more convenient to get there from the neighboring and larger Kabale: from there numerous matata run to Kisoro (about 3 hours).
The town nearest to Mount Elgon is called Mbalé. (Mbale). From Kampala to it, 256 km is about 3 hours drive, bus departures are numerous.
VisaWomen with children
A Russian needs a tourist visa to visit Uganda (blue stamp in passport). To get it you need 3 things:
- Passport valid for at least 6 months, ending after the date of the expected return home;
- Filled visa application form (on the border - migration card);
- $ 50 in cash, constituting the consular fee.
A secret stamp is received upon arrival at any Uganda entry checkpoint. An official may require you to prove your ability to pay and have a yellow fever vaccine. Nadel the arrival is asked only one thing - how long does he intend to stay in Uganda. Regardless of the answer, the visa opens for 3 months. When you make a photo you take a digital camera and take fingerprints with a scanner. The whole procedure takes no more than 10 minutes - except for the time that you may have to spend in the queue (at the airport, waiting is not long).
Ugandan Shilling (Ugx) is equal to 100 cents and is drawn up in banknotes in denominations of 1,000, 2,000, 5,000, 10,000, 20,000, and 50,000. From the little things can be useful coins in 100, 200 and 500 shillings (visiting the toilet, for example, costs 200 points in some places). Of foreign currencies, the most popular in Uganda is the US dollar. The lowest exchange rate at Entebbe Airport is 300-400 w. less than in the center of Kampala. Exchangers called Forex Bureau (Forex bureau), commission is not taken. Going on a trip, you need to consider that in Uganda, American money is accepted for exchange only for 2001 and younger. You should also remember that the exchange rate depends on the amount of the amount: the more you change, the higher it is. Cash is better to have in the 50-and 100-dollar bills + a certain amount of American trifle (about $ 100-150, sometimes easier and more profitable to pay in dollars).
You can withdraw cash from a bank card at Barclays Bank and Standart Chartered Bank (available in all more or less significant cities of Uganda).Uganda Jungle
TransportWell very budget hotel in Kampala
Uganda's main airport is located in Entebbe, on the shores of Lake Victoria (about 40 km from the capital of the country). In 1976, he became famous for his story about hijacking an Air France plane flying from Tel Aviv to Paris. Palestinians held over 100 passengers for a week at Entebbe Airport, taking advantage of Idi Amin’s patronage. This did not prevent Israeli special forces from falling from the sky and freeing the hostages during a brief skirmish with the terrorists and the Ugandan army. Since then, a new international terminal has appeared in Entebbe, and the famous old airport can be seen from the window of a taxi on the way to Kampala. (on the left, where Soviet-made transport aircraft lined up).Airport in Entebbe
Many travel companies include a charter flight from Kampala to any of Uganda’s local airports in the expensive safari program. In the west, these are Fort Portal and Kasese, in the far south, Ishasha and Kayonza (Kayonza)in the north - Pakubu (Pakubu) and Kidepo. Small planes are used, which depart from Entebbe or the small Kajansi airport. (Kajjansi Airstrip, 15 km south of Kampala).Chimpanzee in Ngamba Reserve
From major airlines to Uganda fly British Airways, KLM, Emirates, Turkish Airlines, Qatar Airways, Kenya Airways and Egypt Air. From loukosterov - Kenyan Fly540 and Tanzanian Precision Air. Budget options for Russians are flights from the Moscow a / p Domodedovo with a transfer in Cairo (Egypt Air) or Doha (Qatar Airways).
Uganda's main airlines are Air Uganda (www.air-uganda.com) and Eagle Air (www.flyeagleuganda.com) - both are based at Entebbe airport. The first specializes in international transport and makes flights to Juba (South Sudan), Kigali (Rwanda), Bujumbura (Burundi)Dar es salaam (Tanzania)as well as Kenyan Nairobi and Mombasa. The second flies to Arua (north of Uganda), Kasese (west of the country), Jubu, Dar Es Salaam, Buniyah (DR Congo), Johannesburg (SOUTH AFRICA).Abandoned Railway in Uganda
The railway appeared in Uganda at the beginning of the 20th century, but its work was interrupted for a long time by the civil war. In 2011, the company established with the participation of South Africa announced the resumption of passenger traffic between Kampala and Namanva. The rest of the country is dominated by motor transport, the good of the highway in Uganda is very good. Each bus company has its own departure station in the capital - most are concentrated along Namirembe Rd. and Kampala Rd. The fare is from 2500 (Kampala Jinja) up to 25 000 (Kampala Kasese) shillings.
Uganda's signature red buses (Post bus) depart daily at 8.00 from the main post office in Kampala and follow in Soroti, Gulu, Kabale, Hoima, Fort-Portal and Kasese. Tickets are sold on the day of departure, come no later than 7.30. Cashier in the window number 18, but you can buy a ticket from the conductor. Place of landing is the left wing of the building, the luggage is checked by a policeman with a dog.Elephant family crossing the road
Late buses in Uganda are not uncommon and occur due to traffic jams and accidents. Flights to the Kenyan direction are often performed at night - many are afraid to use such buses, although the author of these lines did not have problems with a night crossing. In any case, for longer trips, it is better to choose a bus, in which the seats have a headrest with a recess in the middle - the head will not fall off if you sleep.
ConnectionThe crowded streets of Kampala
In every city of Uganda you can find at least a few Internet cafes. (Cyber cafe, 1500-2000 w. / 1 h.). Many provide access to Wi-Fi, and in addition, in a cafe you can scan or print the text, rewrite the flash drive on a CD. Guest Wi-Fi in hotels and restaurants is only available in major cities.
Of the mobile operators, the main ones are Uganda Telecom. (www.utl.co.ug)Airtel (www. africa.airtel.com) and warid (www.waridtel.co.ug). All provide good coverage throughout, with the exception of mountains and remote forest corners. Simka of any network, as well as scratch cards for account replenishment are sold everywhere (the shop owner hangs out the flag with the operator logo).
Russian Embassy in Uganda (28 Malcom X Avenue, Kampala, Uganda. + 256-041-4345698, Consular Section: + 256-041-4233676). East of Nakasero, in the neighboring area of Kololo.Reception time is better to clarify by phone or e-mail: [email protected]
Emergency numbers: 999, from mobile 112.
Non-State Medical Assistance: International Hospital Kampala (+256-041-434-0531).
Everywhere in Africa, hunting is simply called "game". (game, English "game, sport").
Photo hunting from "safarimobile" is also a game. During the civil war, the animal world suffered so much that in 1 985 the authorities declared a moratorium on "games" with a gun. Little by little, the abundance of the fauna was restored, and in 2001 in the south-west of Uganda, in the vicinity of Lake Mburo, the first hunting area appeared (Hunting concession) area of 50 km². Since 2003, hunting has been permitted in the vicinity of the Kabvoia reserve (Kabwoya Wildlife Reserve) on the shores of lake albert.Buffalo Zebra Gnu Tourists on a safari
Hunting in Uganda mainly on ungulates. It is forbidden to hunt animals listed in the annex to the International Convention on the Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Animals and Plants (CITES). Some predators can be harvested if they cause harm to the local population, and only on the complaint of the latter. No hunting at night, with searchlights and night vision devices. (with conventional optics possible); with dogs, as well as fishing for young and pregnant females. Hunting permit (Hunting License) and the import of hunting weapons is issued by the UWA, this is done in advance. Documents are issued for each participant hunting, the minimum age - 18 years. To import weapons and ammunition, you must obtain permission (Firearm Temporary Import Permit)which is made within 3-7 days and sent to the applicant by email. Need a copy of a valid passport and national authorization document (and it should indicate the weapon that the hunter intends to use in Uganda). Upon arrival, a printout of the document is presented to the police at Entebbe Airport, after which a temporary license is issued (Firearm Temporary License) on its use in Uganda. It is allowed to use hunting non-automatic rifled and smooth-bore weapons - no more than two barrels for each hunter, caliber and quantity of ammunition are not regulated. You can also shoot from a hunting crossbow. Pistols, automatic and semi-automatic weapons are prohibited.
In addition to the cost of the safari, hunting in Uganda is subject to fees: for a license, for a weapon permit, in support of local residents (Community fee) and for the right to export trophies (for every). The fee can be specified in the UWA ([email protected]).Rwenzori National Park Crowded Kampala - the capital of Uganda Rural road in Rukungiri district
Uganda Wildlife ServicePoliceman in the Gorgahing Gorillas National Park
The Uganda Wildlife Service (Uganda Wildlife Authirity, UWA) was established in 1996. It controls 10 national parks, 7 reserves and 12 nature reserves, issues permits for sport fishing and hunting. Headquarters service located in Kampala (7 KiraRd., + 256-041-4355000, 031-2355000; [email protected]; www.ugandawildlife.org), adjacent to the National Museum. UWA has offices in Mbale, Masindi, Fort Portal, Kasese, Kabale and Kisoro, as well as in all national parks.
The following protected areas are open to travelers in Uganda:
- Group A - the national parks of Murchison Falls, Queen Elizabeth, Lake Mburo, Bwindi Impenetrabel, Mgahinga, Kibale Forest, Kidepo Valley and Rwenzori Mountains. Visiting the parks of this group by foreigners costs $ 35/1 day. (children $ 20).
- Group B - National parks of Semuliki and Mount Elgon, natural reserve of Toro-Semliki. A visit there costs $ 25/1 day. (children $ 15).
Entrance to the protected areas of your transport is charged separately: motorcycles 10,000 sh., Cars 20,000 sh., Minibuses 30,000 sh. (for the driver in each case will have to pay another 10,000 w.). This applies to taxis and boda-boda: cars of travel companies are paid at a special rate, and the amount is included in the price of your safari. Ticketless entry into the fiefdom of UWA is punishable by a $ 50 fine, riding on virgin soil will cost $ 150.Bargaining with park security is useless.
Park Administration UWA organizes walks and excursions (5 from 10-15 $), maintenance of cars by employees ($ 20/1 d.)as well as boat trips to Murchison Falls and Queen Elizabeth (25$). See mountain gorillas (500 $) and chimp ($ 30-150 depending on the location) without the consent and assistance of UWA is also impossible.
In some places (Mount Elgon, Kidepo Valley, southern part of Queen Elizabeth and Lake Mburo) Uwa holds guesthouses and campgrounds. Single accommodation in such places costs from 30000 to 60000 w „conditions are simple.
Low Price Calendar
Mount ElgonAttraction applies to countries: Uganda, Kenya
Elgon - extinct volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya, the fourth highest mountain in Africa. Located northeast of Lake Victoria. Mount Elgon is surrounded from all sides by impassable peaks - more than 4,000 meters high. The volcano was named after the ancient Elgonyi tribe, who once lived in caves on the southern slopes of the mountain. Masai called the volcano "Ol Doinyo Ilgoon" (or "masawa")which means "Female breasts".
The mountain is also known for its salt caves, where elephants come in large quantities. The caves allow these elegant giants to get the necessary amount of a vital mineral, while tourists have the opportunity to observe this rare natural phenomenon.
Many herbivores experience the so-called "salt hunger" because their diet does not provide them with the necessary amount of nutrients and minerals, including salt, so they are forced to look for an alternative source. In many safari parks, Jageri-Rangers leave salt for the animals, giving scientists and tourists a great chance to watch the herbivorous animals gathering around the treat. In addition, sometimes even predators come to salt to feast on their own!
In the Elgon Mountain National Park, elephants discovered a natural source of salt, and therefore tourists often come here to see how a large flock of more than 100 individuals gathers in the extensive caves in the ancient caldera’s volcanic formation every night to lick naturally salt, which under the influence of intense precipitation protrudes from the rock. In total, there are four caves in the park: Kitum, Makingeni, Chepnyyalil and Ngvarish, and you can see everything. Kitum is the largest cave, 200 meters deep into the mountain.
Spotted hyenas and other animals often find shelter in more remote caves, and leopards hide in vegetation around, hoping for easy prey.
Mount Elgon itself can be seen from Endebess Bluff, offering panoramic views of many gorges, lakes, rivers and hot springs hiding in the shadow of mountain peaks.
Elgon is much closer to Kampala than Rwenzori, but tourism has always been less developed here. Mount Elgon National Park appeared in 1993 and belongs to the lowest category: a visit costs $ 25 / day. (children $ 15).
The nearest town is Mballet (Mbale) It is 3 hours by bus from Kampala. Here is the park administration (19-21 Masaba Rd., + 256-045-33170). Group tracks with climbing from UWA cost $ 90 / person / day. Tents, sleeping bags and foam can be rented at any of the numerous campgrounds or at the UWA office in Mbale - prices range from 5000 to 15,000 meters. Shoes, warm clothes for the top and a rain cover must be yours.
The diameter of Elgon reaches 80 km, the width of the elongated caldera is at least 8 km - it is the most powerful shield volcano in Africa and one of the largest in the world. Now its heavily destroyed slopes abound in caves, and the foot - in forests. The first European at the top of Elgona was Englishman Frederick Jackson - this happened in 1889, that is, in the same year with the conquest of Kilimanjaro. The volcano is considered to be one of the symbols of both Uganda and neighboring Kenya: the rugby cup named every year between these countries is named after the mountain.
Around Elgon live relatives of the Kenyan Masai. The shepherds of the Calecine nationality are known for their ability to run.Other Aboriginal talents lie in the military field: a few years ago, the Ugandan authorities had to sweat, disarming the rebellious Sabaot tribe.
The bus station and the parking area matat are located at opposite ends of Mbale, so without a taxi (5000 w.) or boda boda (if the luggage is small, 1000 w.) not enough. From the parking lot on Kumi Road (Kumi Rd. Taxi park, it’s Clock Tower taxi park) the cars exit onto the Mbalais-Moroto highway and north of the city turn right onto a road that goes around Elgon from the north and goes to the Kenyan city of Kitale (Kitale). At different distances, to the right of it, small paths depart, leading to the three tourist centers of the national park - Budapari (Budadari, about 30 km, 1 h., About 5000 sh.), Sipi (Sipi, about 50 km, 1.5 h „about 10,000 w.) and Kapchorva (Kapchorwa, about 60 km, 2 hours, about 15,000 w.). The UWA office is located in Budadari and the route closest to Mbala begins along the Sasa River. (Sasa) - hence the name track Sasa. Ascent along this path takes about eight hours and requires overnight stay. (along the path there are 3 camps with tents and huts).
There are famous waterfalls in Sipi, flying from a steep ledge 70-100 m high, picturesque villages of natives and Manyara caves (Manyara Caves). The second track starts near the waterfall leading to the Elgona caldera through the Kapkvai Forest Study Center (Kapkwai Forest Exploration Center, there is a post UWA). Near the center there is another group of caves. The longest route with two camps begins in Kapchorva - the first at the service station in Pisva (Piswa)where the side path to the village of Kapquat departs from the main route (Kapkwata).
The top of Elgon is well irrigated by rains, so many rivers flow down the slopes. Sipi is the most beautiful, but far from the only water cascade in this national park. If the most beautiful waterfalls in Elgon belong to Uganda, then the most famous cave is located in the Kenyan sector of the massif. Glory to this bad kind: Kitum Cave (Kitum Cave) It is considered a natural reservoir of deadly viruses, from which several travelers have already died.
Rare monkeys and hundreds of bird species live on Elgone, and trout live in rivers on the slopes of the volcano. UWA fishing permit can be bought at any service office or at Sipi River Lodge ($ 50/1 d.). Spinning and other gear are also rented there. ($ 30/1 d.).
Kampala - The capital of Uganda. They say that, like Rome, it stands on seven hills. The campals themselves have more than 20 hillocks, so a walk through the city is a series of ascents and descents. The city was founded in 1890 by the British colonist F. Lugard as an outpost on the hill of Kampala. The name comes from the word impala (antelope species). Kampala is a junction of railways and highways. The international airport is 35 km from Kampala in Entebbe.
Kampala is the political, cultural, financial, commercial and industrial center of the country. The city has a National University, Uganda Museum (including a unique collection of musical instruments), Center for Archaeological Research, National Theater, National Stadium. Nelson Mandela, School of Fine Arts, Art Gallery, St. Paul's Cathedral, the tomb of the rulers of Buganda.
What to see
It is better to start a review of the city from Kampala Road - the main street of the most central and high-rise district of Nakasero (Kampala Rd., Nakasero). Walking along it to the east, you will quickly find a vast green amphitheater, two steps leading up to the yellow building of the Supreme Court (High Court, with a turret and a clock). This is Constitution Square (Constitutional Square)Or simply Square is the main square of the city. Trees are chosen by marabou storks, and on the lawn stands a white obelisk in honor of African soldiers of the British army who died in World War II.
Streets starting at opposite corners of City Square, reminiscent of travelers - this is Speake Road (Speke Rd.) and burton street (Burton St.). A couple of blocks down Kampala Road, there is a multistory building of the General Post Office (Main post office, 35 Kampala Rd., Left side). Its history began in 1895, when the local missionary produced the first Ugandan stamps with a price of 50 cowrie shells on a conventional typewriter - now they belong to the rarest collection brands in the world.
If you return from the post office on Speake Road and go up to the roundabout, you can see in the center of a small square a statue of a man in military uniform. This is a monument to Edward Frederick Mutesa II, the king and the first president of the country. He ascended the throne in 1939 and was 35th on the list of local monarchs. In 1963, the decorative king was proclaimed decorative president, but after 4 years and this post was selected by Prime Minister Milton Obote. The last years of "King Freddie" were held in London, where he drank bitter and died under ambiguous circumstances in 1969. The greenery of Jubil Park is visible behind the back of the statue (Jubilee Park) and terrace with the Monument of Independence (Independence Monument). Its opening took place in 1962, four days before the country's official liberation. Graffiti on the key points of Uganda’s history — from the creation of a protectorate in 1900 — decorate the supporting wall in the background. (left) before the adoption of the new constitution in 1995 (on right).
Not far from the monument is the Grand Imperial Hotel.
Turn left from the Independence Monument and walk around the park on Ternan Avenue (Ternan Av.), look at the territory of the hotel Sheraton - the only way to get to the park Jubil. The best park of Kampala was laid out in the late 1930s by the Indian rich man Nanji K. Mehta. In 1965, the fashionable Apollo Hotel, named after the country's first premier, was opened in the park. In 1971, Idi Amin renamed it Kampala International, and the Sheraton sign appeared in 1999. In the center of the park there is a bust of the English King George V, fraternally resembling Nicholas II (they were cousins). The end of the 30-year reign of Georg was the anniversary (Jubilee)in whose honor the park appeared.
Nearby are also hotels Speke and Serena.
If you have not lost your desire to wander, you can walk along Nile Avenue to (Monument "Step into the Future"). Figures of the walking Africans - father, mother and little son - you will see in the public garden on the right side of the street. The composition was created by 11 artists, and the monument to the 20th anniversary meeting of the heads of state of the Commonwealth is dedicated. Summit was held in November 2007 at the International Conference Center (International Conference Center)
The residence of the taverns, that is, the King of Buganda, stands on Mengo Hill, where from the center of Kampala can be reached by taxi or boda-boda (15-20 min., 2000-5000 w.). The residence has existed since 1885 and covers an area of about 8 km². It was believed that the king is one in two persons: the material essence sat on the throne, and the spiritual was embodied in six ritual drums. From 1885 to 1966, five such kings changed on Mengo Hill. In December 1900, an agreement was signed here that gave the country under British control.
In 1907, Winston Churchill visited the tavern, to which the phrase "Uganda - the pearl of Africa" is attributed (actually it was said by henry stanley). Twcobabe Palace (Lubiri Ring Rd.) was built in the 20s. The building has 55 chambers, according to the number of tribes inhabiting the kingdom. In 1966, the palace was badly damaged during the storming of troops under the command of Idi Amin - at that time he was still a major. All the royal guards died in battle, and the famous drums burned and were made anew only in 2011. Twekbabe began to restore in 1999 to the wedding of the present taverns, but the restoration was completed only recently.
The palace is closed, but tourists are allowed into the residence. In the ticket price (10,000 w.) included tour. You will be shown a creepy concrete bunker built for Idi Amin in 1971 - the path leading to the right at the ticket office leads to it. Nearby is a view of the Royal Lake at the foot of a hill, dug by order of the taverns of Mwangi II in 1885-1888.
The place where Tvekoba stands is considered the highest in the city. The surrounding hills are visible from the square in front of the palace - the multi-storey Nakasero, Rubaga with the two towers of the Catholic Cathedral of St. Mary. (1880s), Namirembe with the Protestant Cathedral of St. Paul (1890-1901) and Old Kampala with a huge Gaddafi mosque.
From the palace gates begins straight street Kabak Andhagala Road (Kabaka Anjagala Rd.)leading to the parliament building of Buganda, the palace of Bulang. This three-story building with a small spire was built in 1954-1955. at the foot of the hill Namirembe.
West of Nakasero lies Old Kampala Hill (Old Kampala Hill) - you can recognize him by the huge Gaddafi mosque (Caddafi National Mosque) with five domes and a single minaret. It is the largest religious building in the country, despite the fact that the Mohammedans make up no more than 15% of the population of Uganda. Muslim Idi Amin in the 70s. He began to build a mosque with the money of his friend Muammar Gaddafi. The opening took place in 2008, and Gaddafi himself visited the mosque in 2010 during the summit of the African Union. The Supreme Council of the Muslims of Uganda sits in the mosque, and during the prayer, 12,000 people can be accommodated.
Just below the hill is Old Kampala Road (Old Kampala Rd.). Here, as well as on the neighboring streets of Martin Road (Martin Rd.)Berkeley Road (Berkeley Rd.) and Old Fort Road (Old Fort Rd.) Preserved buildings of the early 20th century with verandas, iron roofs and colorful shops. The natives of South Asia have long lived here, their presence is felt in Old Kampala today.
5 km north-west of the city center, on the Kasubi hill, are the graves of the last kings of Buganda - Mutesa. (1856-1884), Mwangi II (1884-1897), Chwa II (1897-1939) and Mutesy II (1939-1969). The first of them in 1882 built the Musibu Azaal Mpanga ("Lord is born mighty") - a dome-shaped mausoleum hut. The graves of all four monarchs, along with their posthumous regalia, were located inside the building, surrounded by guards' huts and a wicker fence. The last burial ceremony for the taverns took place in 1971, and in 2001 Kasubi was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In March 2010, the mausoleum, built of wood and dry grass, completely burned out. Monarchists, confident of arson, immediately rioted (got to the firefighters who arrived to save the shrine). UNESCO has allocated $ 1 million for the restoration of Kasubi, and the Ugandan government has promised to fully restore the lost.
After the fire, the necropolis did not close for visitors - you can get from the center of Kampala by boda-boda or taxi (4000-10000 w. With expectation).
How to get and move
You can arrange a meeting with the hotel at the airport, but it will cost as much as the Airport taxi service asks ($ 35 per passenger). If you wait at the terminal building, then after some time, the same taxi drivers will start approaching you and offer options. For example, take you for $ 10-15 to the Kotoro bus station (Kitoro) in the city of Entebbe, which is located 15 minutes. drive from the airport. From the bus station you can easily go to the capital of Uganda by shuttle bus for 2000 sh. (45 min. On the way).
There are Chinese-made city buses in Kampala, but the main types of transport in the capital and the surrounding area are Matatu bus routes. The main points of their departure are the Old and New taxi ranks. (Old taxi park and New taxi park) on the southern edge of the Nakasero district. From Square Square there you can go down Burton St. Parking is connected by Namirembe Rd. Street, and between them the Main Bus Station is also wedged in. (Main bus Station)serving intercity buses. Aboriginal tips will help you find the right car in the reigning chaos. There is a conductor in the matt - he takes a fee, invites passengers and tells you where to go.
At any intersection in Kampala, you will be offered your boda-boda mototaxi service. (1000-2000 w.). This is the fastest, albeit risky way to travel - given the nature of the traffic and the bikers' habit of running along the sides of the road.
In budget hotels in East Africa there are 2 room categories: self-contained rooms and non self-contained rooms. In the first there are separate shower and toilet, fan and TV. The average cost of self-contained rooms in Uganda starts from 30,000 sh.
In national parks accommodation is of two types - tent (tent) and house (banda). The latter are also self-contained and non self-contained.
Currency exchange offices (Forex bureau) can be found on Kampala Rd. and the neighboring streets. There is a Hare Krishna exchanger near the hotel. (15 Nabugaro Rd „+2 56-041-42 58268, 4258286). Barclays Bank has three branches on Kampala Rd. (No. 16, 83/85 and 121) and one on Parliamentary Av. (# 14, IPS Building).
Where to eat
In Kampala, the mass of street cafes, allowing for a snack in the range of 7000-10000 w. (salad, burger or chicken with potatoes). A good choice of food in the malls - the best in Garden City (angle Nile Av. and Yusuf Lule Rd., + 256-041-4258906, + 256-031-261414)
Another popular place is Century Park. (Centenary Park) at the corner of Jinja Rd. and Yusuf Lule Rd., named after the 100th anniversary of Kampala. In the park you can find places of Japanese, Italian and Cuban cuisine, as well as meat restaurants.
Restaurants and cafes in Kampala open from 8.30 to 10.00 and work until late (at least until 22.00).
Baking (1200-1400 w.) and dairy products (yogurt from 900 w.) in Kampala, you can buy in the Shoprite South African supermarkets (www.shoprite.co.za). Closest to center - Shoprite Clocktower (1 Ben Kiwanuka St., + 256-31-2228100; + 256-0779661060), between Hindu temples, from the post office can be 10-15 minutes. walk down Entebbe Rd. Kwiksave Convenience Supermarket (28 Kampala Rd., + 256-041-4258258; + 256-0772451814) conveniently located in the center near the post office. Many small shops and shops can be found on the streets connecting Kampala Road and parallel William Street (William St.). Tourist maps, country literature and postcards are sold at the Aristoc bookstore. (Kampala Rd., The second point under the same sign, is located in the Garden City shopping center). Another book Uganda Bookshop (corner of Portal Av ./Colville St., + 256-041-4343756; + 256-0779393114) there is opposite to the high-rise Communication House and Fang Fang restaurant - prices are lower, the range is poorer. Next to this store is the souvenir market of the African Crafts Market, and another similar market is called Uganda Arts & Crafts Village and is located next to the National Cultural Center. (4-6 Dewinton Rd.).
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Bwindi National Park - a mountainous region in the extreme south-west of Uganda, which is covered with such dense forest that it is officially called “impassable” (Impenetrable). More than 400 species of plants grow here, 120 species of mammals inhabit (including forest elephants and chimpanzees) and about 350 species of birds. Less than 800 mountain gorillas are left in the world - a third of them live in Bwindi National Park (www.bwindiforestnationalpark.com), which appeared in 1991. It is located in the northeastern part of the Virunga massif, in which the most active volcanoes of Africa are located in the DR Congo territory. Pygmies of the Batwa and Bakiga tribes also live in this area - in the 90s they were evicted from the forests closer to the park authorities, therefore there is little traditional in Pygmy life.
In February 1999, Rwandan militants walked through park camps and tried to divert 14 foreigners into Congolese territory. Thugs killed 8 people, another six managed to escape. Hutu raiders took revenge on Museveni, who in 1994 supported their ethnic Tutsi enemies. The president did not remain in debt, and half of the Ugandan army was thrown at the sweep of the park.
Bvindi gorillas began to show in 1994 - now in the park 9 groups of giant primates, accustomed to people (addiction takes from 1.5 to 3 years). They are concentrated in four main points: Bukhoma (Buhoma, north)Nkuringo (Nkuringo, south)Rusaga (Rushaga, Southeast) and ruhija (Ruhija, east). The most docile live in the Bukhoma area - it is easier to get there, and the forest paths are not so difficult. The most exhausting is the walk to the Nkuringo gorillas. The excursions are organized only by the park administration, which is located in Bukhom - $ 500 / person, including staying in the park for 1 day and collecting "for the development of local communities" (Community development contribution). Expensive, but in Rwanda the same permit costs $ 750. Each group of primates is capable of carrying out only one group of visitors per day, while the team should not be more than 8 people. Getting "good" is not very easy: you can find out about the availability of permits at any convenient time in UWA ([email protected]) or on the Volcanoes Safaris website (www.volcanoessafaris.com). The hikes are only on foot, lasting from 2 to 6 hours. Tourists are accompanied by a park guide and several armed rangers.
The rules and restrictions in Bwindi are numerous, so each tour is preceded by a briefing. Guests are told that:
- You cannot leave the group while driving.
- To approach the monkeys closer than 7 m, it is impossible.
- The rapid expression of emotions and noise are unacceptable.
- Look gorilla can not be in the eyes, if it makes a gorilla - turn away.
- It is impossible to scent your favorite perfume and bring odorous products to the forest.
- If you want to use the toilet - you need to tell the guide and wait until you dig up a personal hole (human waste in the monkey territory must be buried).
How to get there
Getting to Bwindi by public transport is difficult: the matat stop nearest to Bukhoma is in the village of Butogot (Butogota) 20 km to the north. There go bus from Kabale (7000 w.), buses from Mbarara and even from Kampala (25,000 w.). The last leg of the journey can be done by taking a taxi / boda-boda in Butogot, but local drivers like to break prices. (real costs, respectively, in the area of 40000/20000 sh. + fee for the entry of vehicles into the park). 40 km north of Bukhoma is the town of Kihihi (Kihihi)which also go morning buses from Kampala (20,000-25,000 w.). They arrive at the place about 15.00, and then you will need a taxi to Buhoma (about. 80000 w., about 1 h.). Nkuringo can be reached from Kisoro by taxi (39 km, about 1 h., About 90,000 w.). On Mondays and Thursdays, a bazaar is going to Kisoro, during these days trucks and buses ply between the village and Nkuringo from morning to evening (5000 w.).
However, organized trips are preferable. At Abacus African Vacations (in Kampala + 256-031-2261930; + 256-0752827492; www.abacusvacations.com) A three-day tour to Bwindi with a transfer from Kampala costs from $ 1005 / person, including accommodation and permission from UWA. Gorilla tours (in Kampala + 256-041-4200221, + 256-077782-0071, + 256-0772370263; www.gorillatours.com) organizes different programs from 3 to 10 days (from $ 375 without permission).
Nkuringo Walking Safaris (+ 256-0774805580, 0792805580, 0702805580; www.nkuringowalkingsafaris.com) develop the theme of hiking in the forests of Bwindi and to the neighboring lake Mutanda (Mutanda). Two days at Nkuringo Gorilla Camp cost from $ 209 (park fee not included).
It was not only on the gorillas that the light came together: 11 more monkey species live in the forests. The same team has an interesting program of visiting three Virunga volcanoes located in the nearby Mgahing Gorilla Park. A day trip costs $ 60 / person, including a park fee.
Lake AlbertAttraction applies to countries: Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo
Lake albert - located in East Africa, on the border of two states - the Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda. In Uganda, it is called Lake Nyanets, in Congo (Zaire) in 1973-1997 it was called Mobutu-Sese-Seko in honor of the president-dictator Mobutu. He was discovered by the English traveler Baker in 1864 and named after the husband of Queen Victoria.
The area of the lake is 5600 square kilometers, and the depth reaches 58 meters. Together with other lakes and rivers, the Albert is part of the reservoir system in the Upper Nile. One Albert-Nile river flows out of the lake, passing into the White Nile in the north, and two flows into it: Victoria-Nile and Semliki (drains of the Victoria and Edward lakes respectively).
The flowing Nile is wide enough (1.5 kilometers), calm, perfectly suitable for navigation. Lake Albert serves as a water storage, because the mass of water flowing into it is balanced by flow, the difference fluctuates only insignificantly (water flow due to rivers and precipitation is approximately equal to evaporation and flow, the average annual figure varies around 29.5 cubic kilometers). The shores of Lake Albert are steep, the bottom is gentle; This is due to the fact that it lies in a tectonic depression at an altitude of 617 meters above sea level.
In the southern part of the lake, where the Semlika River flows, there is a marshland, which passes into the Rwenzori ridge; above the northwestern shore are the Blue Mountains. The best place to see this amazing place is Butiaba, namely the road that connects Kampala and the lakes area. After all, from this road you can see most of the water area and the horizon, outlined by the Blue Mountains.
The water temperature on the surface of the lake reaches 30 degrees, so it is rich in various kinds of fish (over 40 species), such as tiger fish, Nile perch and others. Every day, fishermen spread their rich catch between boats, turning the coastline into a lively commercial area, because this is the main income of most of the local residents of nearby villages. As for shipping, it is worth noting two main ports: Kasenyi (Congo) and Butiaba (Uganda).
Coastal uplifts of the Western Rift descend to Lake Albert by ledges, sometimes almost sheer, but dissected by deep cracks, sometimes turning into gorges covered with dense jungles. In some places of the ledges hot mineral springs are beating. There are on the shores of Albert and areas of grassy savanna with detached umbrella-type trees and local shrub thickets. There are also flat segments. This is distinguished primarily by swamp deltas at the confluence of the Victoria-Nile and Semliki rivers in Albert. Here, in the reed beds, there are a myriad of waterfowl, often crocodiles and hippos. Further from the coast, in the coastal impassable jungle, the environs of Lake Albert can present a rich collection of African fauna.
Lake VictoriaAttraction applies to countries: Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya
Lake Victoria - a reservoir in East Africa, located on the territory of three states: Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. It is considered the largest on the continent and the second largest in the world after the Upper Lake (North America).
The population of Europe first learned about Lake Victoria in 1858. Its pioneer is the British explorer John Henning Speake, who presented a report on his journey to Africa in the Royal Geographical Society. He named the lake after the queen and suggested that the Nile flows from it.
The local population refers to the reservoir Nyanza. There were attempts to come up with a different name for the lake, which would have been able to unite the ethnonyms of the different peoples living on its shores, but so far they have not been crowned with success.
Lake Victoria is located in the trough of the East African Plateau. Its area - 68 thousand square meters. km, maximum depth - about 80 m, volume - 8400 cu. km The length of the coastline - 7 thousand km. The length of the reservoir is 320 km, and the width is 240 km.
The main power source of the reservoir is precipitation, and to a lesser extent, tributary water.
The Kagera River flows into the lake, and Victoria Nile flows out. In 1954, Owen Falls Dam was built, turning Victoria into a reservoir. In the waters of the lake there are many islands: Ukerve, Sese, Rubondo and so on.
The pond is actively used by the local population for navigation and fishing. The main ports are Kisumu, Jinja, Mwanza.
Most of the shores are low and flat, heavily rugged and swampy. In the south-west, the land contact line is steep and high.
Nearly 30 million people live in the water area. The terrain is covered with savannah, and in the northwest - with evergreen equatorial forest. In the east, gold and diamonds are mined.Dawn on the lake from Uganda Lake Victoria
Climate featuresA whole field of water hyacinth near the lake in Kenya
Lake Victoria is located in a tropical climate zone. The average temperature varies between 20-22 ° C heat. Twice a year the rainy season comes: from March to May and from October to December. Quite often, under the influence of hurricane winds, the reservoir covers the strongest storms.
In recent decades, this region has seen a downward trend in precipitation. Scientists suggest that, over time, this could lead to a catastrophic reduction in freshwater supplies and pastures for livestock, which would endanger the lives of local people.
Victoria is not only an interesting geographical object, but also a center of attraction for tourists from all over the world. What attracts them? First of all, the opportunity to plunge into the authentic atmosphere of the life of Aboriginal people, as well as natural beauty and unique wildlife. The best time to travel is from August to September.Lake View from Kenya Kisumu Street
The African shroud fascinates with its landscapes. Endless plains, interspersed with majestic hills and decorated with islands of greenery, amaze with pristine beauty. The strongest impressions of contemplation of landscapes can be obtained at dawn and dusk, thanks to the play of natural colors.
In this area there are large trading cities, fishing villages with huts and battered sails of small boats, as well as plantations of the best coffee and sugar cane on the mainland. The population of the shores and islands of Victoria honors its traditions and gladly dedicates travelers to them.
Among the settlements, you should definitely visit Kisumu - a city with the architecture of colonial times, Musom - a fishing port, Butiamu - a village with an archaic structure, in which the first president of Tanzania, Julius K. Niere was born. Also worth a ride on the lake, accompanied by a guide who tells the mysterious legends associated with this amazing place.Port in Uganda Hefty Nile perch
Lake Victoria is an excellent place for fishing enthusiasts. In its waters there are more than 200 species of fish. Tilapia has the greatest commercial importance. On the islands there are several large centers specializing in the organization of fishing.
The most attractive trophies are Nile perch, whose weight can reach 200 kg, as well as lang fish. The latter are found only in the waters of Victoria. The uniqueness of these fish lies in their ability to breathe both gills and lungs. Langs appeared more than 300 million years ago and were a transitional link between ordinary fishes and land creatures.
Paradise for animals
Traveling along the shores of Victoria is a great opportunity to observe animals in their natural environment. And thanks to the neighborhood of different natural areas, you can see the inhabitants of the tropical forest, and the inhabitants of the savannah.
For example, the lush greenery of the Kakamega forest in Kenya is home to various primates, lizards, hundreds of bird species, butterflies, as well as antelopes, porcupines, mongooses, and so on.
Among the national parks of Lake Victoria, the reserve on the island of Rubondo (Tanzania) is the most popular. It is forbidden to travel by car, but it is even for the better, because on foot you can see more animals.Local fishermen Hippo swimming in the lake
On an island of 458 square meters. km relict forests side by side with marshes, meadows and savannah. Therefore, the reserve is inhabited by various representatives of the fauna. Only here is the sitatunga - a shy antelope with elongated and widely spaced hooves. Also in Rubondo you can see hippos, crocodiles, green monkeys, pythons, chimpanzees, elephants, mongooses, giraffes, porcupines and other exotic animals.
Lovers of birds will enjoy the sea of pleasure from visiting the national park. It is home to royal kingfishers, paradise flycatchers, cormorants, ibis, storks, goliath herons, and so on. Equally attractive is the fauna of the island. About 40 species of orchids grow on its territory.Sunset on Lake Victoria
Externally, the coast and the water surface of the lake seem to be a paradise on earth, but they pose a lot of dangers. In no case it is impossible to bathe in a reservoir: firstly, it is teeming with crocodiles, and secondly, the water is infected with schistosomiasis.
Also on the islands lives a tsetse fly, from the bite of which a person can become infected with sleeping sickness. There are other dangerous insects that carry malaria and yellow fever.
Specific climatic conditions in which high humidity and heat are combined will not be sustained by every traveler. Another thing to remember is that there are often very strong storms on the lake.
Environmental problemsOvergrown aquatic plants
The ecological situation in the lake is worsening every year. The reasons for this are deforestation, population growth, the development of the fish industry, sewage and technical sewage drains and so on.
In addition, the artificial engraftment of exotic plants and animals negatively affects the environment. For example, in the waters of Victoria, the lilies that have been brought to Africa in the last century have grown. These plants, which have an incredible durability, consume a large amount of oxygen, which reflects badly on the number of fish. They also block inflows, complicating shipping.
Lake Victoria is a unique African reservoir that is impressive not only for its size, but also for its pristine beauty, as well as the diversity of its natural resources. Here you can admire the stunning scenery, watch the animals, go fishing and photo-hunting, as well as get in touch with the traditions of the aborigines. The main thing is to carefully plan your trip and take care of your safety.
Kagera RiverAttraction applies to countries: Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi
Kagera River located in East Africa and is the source of the Nile. It originates in Burundi and flows through the territory of Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, as well as partly along the borders between them. Kagera is formed at the confluence of the rivers Nyavarongo and Ruvuvu near Lake Rweru, from where its length to the mouth is 420 km; If you count from the source of the river Rukarar, which is located in Burundi near the northern edge of Lake Tanganyika and is the farthest point from the mouth of the Kagera river system, then its length is about 800 km. The river flows into Lake Victoria.
Kagera flows north in a wide marshy valley, taking the waters of numerous small lakes. Near the town of Kagitumba (the convergence of the borders of Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda) Kagera turns east and flows into Lake Victoria 40 km north of Bukoba, being the largest river flowing into this lake. Average annual consumption of water is 1500 m³ / s. The longest tributary of the Kagera is the Lukarar, the southernmost is the Ruvironza.
In the upper reaches of the river there is the Rusumo Falls, and on the marshy lowlands of the middle stream, the Kagera National Park is organized.
Navigation for the most part of the river is impossible, the only port of Kuaka (Tanzania) in the lower reaches serves small draft vessels.
Kagera was discovered in 1862 by an expedition of John Spick, however some sources consider Henry Stanley to be the discoverer, who visited the river in 1876. After the river was investigated by the Austrian O. Bauman (1892-93) and Kandt (1898).
During the genocide in 1994 in Rwanda, the bodies of those killed in Lake Victoria flowed along this river. Today, the Kagera River is one of the most important and relatively quiet places in Central Africa, around which the quiet atmosphere of picturesque nature reigns.
Nile River (Nile)Attraction applies to countries: Egypt, Uganda, Sudan, South Sudan
Nile River is one of the largest aquatic arteries on our planet. The length of the river is more than 6,700 km, for a long time it was considered the longest in the world. Then it was found that the distance between the source and the mouth of the Amazon is greater. It is safe to say that the river almost completely ensures the existence of the African population. Neil is distinguished by its unusual "behavior." In the hot season, it does not dry out, but overflows its banks, changing its shade and coloring nearby lands in red.
Historical informationThe Nile River in Antiquity
Nile is mentioned in sources that describe the period of the formation of civilization. Then the water flow was called the ancient Greek word "Naylos" - it is from him that the modern name comes. You can find the name "Egiptos", most likely "Egypt" is its derivative.
In ancient times, people began to establish relationships with nature in order to avoid drought, flooding or animal attacks. The Egyptians believed that the god Sebek dwells in the depths of the Nile. Temples were built in his honor, and they tried in every way to appease the sacrifices. It is difficult to overestimate the role of the Nile in the development of the ancient Egyptian civilization. The river to this day serves as a source of water for the entire continent, and also has a diverse flora and fauna. Water resources are used for irrigation of fields, operation of water supply systems and cruising ships. A large amount of sludge remaining on the ground after the river leaves the banks is a useful natural fertilizer.Nile River Hippopotam in the Nile Delta
Source and tributaries of the NileNile River on a map of ancient Egypt and Nubia
Since ancient times, scientists are trying to figure out how the river is filled with water.On this occasion, there was a huge amount of guesswork, but none is absolutely correct. For a long time in the art of Nile had the image of a certain deity with his head rolled up, which was a symbol of ignorance. At the moment there is no single point of view regarding the sources of the river, it has only been established that the water flow originates on the East African Plateau and flows into the sea. Its full flow is provided by numerous tributaries, the most important of which are the Blue and White Nile. They are so named because of the shade of water, which is painted by clay suspensions in it. The nile changes its color during the spill season — it is red or green. This is due to the presence in the water of mountain minerals and tropical plants.
Pool and Nile Valley
A large number of states are located in the Nile Basin, such as: Egypt, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda. The fifth part of the river bed falls on Egyptian territory, the remaining water is distributed between other countries. In the valley of the water flow are all the cities of Egypt, so the Nile is traditionally associated with this state. The surrounding area is a peculiar tourist oasis. This is a real find for lovers of history and archeology. Near the Nile are the most famous cultural monuments - the pyramids of Giza, the Valley of the Kings, the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, the Luxor and Karnak temple, the Great Sphinx.
Near Cairo, the Nile delta begins, the length of which is 260 km along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The mouth of the river received such a name because of the visual similarity with the letter of the Greek alphabet. Here ends the valley of the Nile and it flows into the Mediterranean Sea. The beginning of the delta and the Nile rapids limit the region of Upper Egypt - the area where the ancient monuments, erected during the Middle Kingdom and the Roman-Byzantine period, are concentrated. In the city of Kom-Ombo you will see numerous mummies of sacred crocodiles. Abydos is known as the center of worship of the god of the dead Osiris. As Muslims seek to make a hajj to Mecca, and Christians pilgrimage to Jerusalem, so the ancient Egyptians wanted to visit Abydos during their lifetime or asked to be buried here. Poor people who did not have the opportunity to build a tomb in this place brought the mummies of deceased relatives to worship here.
A little upstream of the Nile you can see the tombs of Beni Hassan and the necropolis in Tuna el Goebel. The temple Speos Artemidos, created in honor of the lioness goddess Sekhmet, is preserved here. Not far from Sohag, you will find secluded Red and White monasteries, where you can feel the ascetic atmosphere and way of life of primitive Christians.
Nile CruisesNile River in Cairo
Nile trips were popular among tourists in the 19th century. The cruise is made on a special liner in the section from Luxor to Aswan, the total length of the route is about 220 km. During the trip, the ship stops in several towns where excursions to the remains of temples take place. The historic settlements located on the Nile are Aswan and Abu Simbel, Karnak and Luxor, Cairo and Abydos. You can enjoy not only the informative program, but also measured rest on board. The trip lasts 4-5 days, the cost of the voucher includes three meals a day, tickets for visiting the sights and transfer by bus to the place of departure.
The cost of the cruise varies depending on the place of purchase. You can buy it at a Russian travel agency, at a local agency, or with a guide at the hotel. When you contact the travel company of Luxor and Hurghada, you get the opportunity to save about $ 200. It is worth considering that in this case the payment of the missing days in the hotel will not be compensated by the Russian operator.
Mountains Ruenzori - National Park spread out on the wooded slopes of the Mubuku Valley, this is a real exotic paradise with a variety of trees, flowers, birds and small mammals. Ruenzori is a nature reserve known for Afro-alpine vegetation and various species of fauna.Perhaps this mountain range is the very Moon Mountains, which are referred to by ancient geographers as the source of the Nile.
During the war in DR Congo, the Rwenzori Mountains National Park did not function, but since 2001 the doors for trackers and climbers are open again. The park is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
According to legend, a large proportion of the treasure of King Solomon was mined in these mountains, which in ancient times were called Lunar. It is not clear just what kind of riches we are talking about: copper was hardly interested in the king of the Jews, and they did not even know about cobalt in his times. Now even these useful metals in the spurs of Rwenzori almost ceased to be mined, so that the third highest mountain system in Africa belongs entirely to tourists. It is also one of the least studied regions of the continent. The path to the seven main peaks of Rwenzori is blocked by dense equatorial forests, the valleys are swamped, and the mountains themselves are often covered with clouds. In the year when the peak of Kilimanjaro was conquered, the Rwenzori ridge had just caught the eye of American Henry Stanley. The main top of the chain, also known as the peak Margarita (5109 m), is named after him. The main trekking route in Rwenzori is named after the Central Circle. The most interesting part begins on the 4th day, when you find yourself at a solid altitude of 4541 m and you can see the main peaks of the ridge with the now melting glaciers.
The landscape here is a dense carpet of various shades of greenery, and the textures resemble a giant patchwork quilt. The air is filled with the sweet aroma of evergreen trees, and under them grow giant tree ferns, wild ginger, hibiscus, begonias, and lilies.
On the lower slopes of the massif to a height of about 2,600 m, there are foothill and mountain humid evergreen forests, partly replaced by secondary savannas. The upper boundary of the forest is lined with bamboo thickets, as well as thickets of representatives of the Heather family. At an altitude of 2600-3800 m subalpine vegetation prevails (mainly tree heather), and above 3800 m there is an alpine belt with alpine meadows, on which tree-growing crossers and lobelia grow.
These interesting plants hide in their shadows pink and green giant worms, sometimes reaching a length of 45 cm. Many birds, including the spectacular Turaech (Francolins) and Turaco, create an amazing cacophony of sounds overhead.
Visitors to Ruenzori can also admire chimpanzees, royal fat men, blue monkeys, elephants, variegated forest antelopes, giant forest pigs, damans, and leopards. You will not regret visiting this African paradise.
Climbers and hiking lovers of various levels love to visit the park. You can limit yourself to the foothills (excursions from the Fort Portal or Kasese, $ 65-135), or you can arrange a test of endurance (6 days, from $ 570) - in any case, you will have to contact one of the local travel agencies.
For hiking here it is better to come in the dry season, which runs from July to August, as well as from December to February, although alpine birds move to lower altitudes during the rainy season.
How to get there
Trips to Rwenzori are possible from both the Fort Portal and Kasese. This is a town 75 km south of the Fort Portal, you can get to the mat from the main taxi stand (Taxi park, 4000 sh.), Depart frequently. There is a postal bus from Kampala to Kasese (via Fort Portal, 25 000 h 6 h on the way). The town has two main streets - Rwenzori Road (Rwenzori Rd.) And Margherita Road (Margherita Rd.). They intersect: below the intersection on Rwenzori Road is the Matat parking, above the intersection there is the mail bus stop and the office of the Rwenzori Mountain Service. Right at the intersection of streets there is a branch of Barclays Bank.
Rwenzori Mountaineering Services (+ 256-048-3445549, + 256-0772572810; www.rwenzorimountaineeringservices.com) organizes hikes and ascents to the main peaks. The price includes a park fee, a guide with a team of porters, accommodation on the route, as well as (God forbid!) Call for rescuers. Mountaineering equipment rental costs from $ 5 to $ 25 per item.
Climbing stanley peak
Climbing to the peak of Stanley (5109 m) requires preparation and endurance - it costs $ 990. It's easier to go hiking on one of the mountain hiking trails.The most popular of them is called the Central Ring (Central Circuite, $ 780/6 days, each additional day $ 120) and starts in the village of Nyakalengija (Nyakalengija), 15 km from Kasese:
- 1st day - transfer to Nyabitaba Camp. In about 4 hours you need to climb to an altitude of 2650 m. The path goes through the forest, where you can see birds, monkeys and, in case of luck, even forest elephants.
- Day 2 - Going to John Mate Camp, 6-7 hours with a rise to a height of 3380 m. The forest gives way to heath and alpine meadows, where giant lobelia grow (not to be confused with cacti).
- 3rd day - Trekking to Budjuku Camp (Bujuku Camp) at an altitude of 3977 m at the foot of the Stanley Mountains (5109 m), Speke (4889 m) and Baker (4843 m). Ascent to the zone of high-altitude tundra, you can cut off part of the route and go straight to Kitandara Lakes in 6 hours.
- 4th day - Transition 3-4 hours to Elena Camp. This is the base camp for climbing Stanley Peaks - they are named Margarita (or simply "Daisy") and Alexander. The camp is located on the lower boundary of the glaciers at an altitude of 4541 m. The Eternal Snows of Rwenzori, alas, are not eternal: from 1906 to 2006, as many as 200 hectares of glaciers melted here!
- Day 5 - Go to Kitandara Lakes Camp, 4027 m and start the descent.
- Day 6 - Walk to Guy Yeoman Camp. Usually they make a morning ascent to a height of 4280 m from here to admire the peak of Luigi di Savoia. The camp itself lies at an altitude of 3450 m near the Mubuku River, which forms the Kabamba waterfalls.
- Day 7 - Return to Nyakalengiju via Nyabitabu.
Rwenzori Mountaineering Services has a representative office in Kampala (+ 256-041-4237497, + 256-0772523208).
Rwenzori Trekking Services (+ 256-077-4114499; 0776114441 www. Rwenzoritrekking.com) also organizes tracks and ascents from $ 570-630 for 6 days overnight in tents (until they built their own huts). This team leads climbers on new routes, opened in 2009 and starting in the mining village of Kilembe, west of Kasese.
Altitude sickness (aka miner, she’s also AMS) is caused by low blood pressure, aggravated by dehydration and fatigue. The only effective remedy is to get off the mountain. The fight is possible with the help of deep breathing, plenty of hot drinking (without stimulants) and regular rest. Before spending the night you should climb a little higher than the place where you will sleep, and then go down. If you feel weakness, nausea and headache, and most importantly, if these sensations increase, you can forget about the mountains. And do not try to suppress the symptoms of analgesics, this disease can not be fooled.
Murchison Falls - The largest in Uganda, it is divided into two parts by the Nile River. Buffaloes, antelopes, Rothschild giraffes and elephants are found not far from the river in the northwestern savannas of the park, while large groups of chimpanzees, green monkeys and anubises live in the southwestern rain forests. (pregerov baboons).
The roaring Murchison Falls are best seen from a boat. Here, the Nile falls from a height of 40 m. During a river cruise, you can watch hundreds of hippos roam the banks, making a company to numerous Nile crocodiles. Those who wish are invited to explore the waterfall from the footpath, which goes from the top down to where the water breaks into small splashes.
Thousands of bats nest beneath the south bank of the waterfall on the Cliffs of bats, late in the evening they go to feed like huge black ravens. On several branches over the water sit giant piebald kingfishers and fish owls, and pennant ibeks fly over herds of marsh goats and cow antelopes. (Bubalov Jackson). The Murchison Falls, without a doubt, is a sight not to be missed.
Do not be alarmed to see the dirty white flakes floating along the river - this is foam whipped by a powerful cascade. Most of the guests spend the night on the south bank of the Nile, and all the interesting things live on the north, so at dawn, a string of jeeps line up at the entrance to the ferry. By noon, the cars return to the crossing and it is time to change into the boat. On the way to the waterfalls there is a chance to see the animals splashing in the river waves. The waterfall named after Murchison charges the air with its power, like a high voltage generator.Just imagine how much water is needed to fill the 6,700 km long riverbed! Now imagine how all this water breaks through a 6-meter gap in the cliffs - this is Murchison Falls.
Murchison Falls National Park
On the territory of Uganda, the first national park appeared in 1951. is the current national park of Queen Elizabeth. A year later, Murchison Falls was declared a national park. (Murchison Falls) - Ugandans are pronounced as "Makishon Falls". The first European visited these places in the spring of 1864 - the Englishman Samuel Baker became one. He discovered Lake Albert and was the first to discover an interesting feature: the Nile flows into the lake at its northern tip in order to immediately escape from it in an even more powerful stream. Baker realized that the two channels belong to the same river, but for convenience he gave them different names - Victoria-Nil and Albert-Nil. Walking up the stream of the Victoria Nile, the traveler came across a waterfall, which he named in honor of the Royal Geographical Society President Roderick Murchison. In those years, the southern part of the modern park was part of the Kingdom of Bunyoro, whose ruler of Kabareg in the early 1890s. tried to fight the British. In the 1970s, Idi Amin renamed the park and waterfalls in honor of Kabareg, but the new name did not stick.
The main highlight of the park is its diversity of landscapes. Forests reign to the south of the river, and savanna begins in the north, gradually turning into a semi-desert. Add to this the cliffs of the waterfall, the picturesque coastal cliffs and the marshy lowland of the river mouth. In 1907, W. Churchill on horseback came from Masindi (Masindi)to see the waterfall. The cult politician was generally close to everything related to Neil: in 1898 he fought in Sudan and wrote a book about it. In 1909, retired US President Theodore Roosevelt visited Merchison Falls, who was interested in hunting more than history. The first star visitor to the new national park was Ernest Hemingway in 1954. In the same year, a residence for distinguished guests from the British royal family appeared in the park. The modest residence is called the Queen's House (Queen's Cottage) and is part of the Paraa Safari Lodge Hotel.
A convenient way to see the Murchison Falls is to buy a tour at one of the Ugandan travel companies. Most of them are based in Kampala, and safaris begin there. Red Chilli Hideaway is the most famous (Kampala, + 256-031-2202903, 041-4223903, + 256-0772509150; www.redchillihideaway.com). They own a Red Chilli Rest Camp (accommodation from $ 20, put up a tent $ 5)located at the ferry itself Paraa. The three-day program, which includes transportation, food, accommodation in the camp and the entrance to the park, costs $ 270 to Peppers. Others offer the same at a price of $ 360-420.
Similar tours are designed for 6 participants. If the people in the car will be less, the difference is proposed to pay. An individual trip can also be organized - so, Kabiza Wilderness Safaris specializes in this (Kampala, + 256-0774785852; www.kabiza.com).
Independently go to Murchison Falls as possible on a personal car, and using public transport (tiring!). It is better to leave Kampala by noon and spend the night in Masindi (New taxi park and Main bus Station, 10,000-13,000 w.). This town was once an important point along the way linking East Africa with Congo. A highway starts from Lake Kyoga, and today you can reach the village of Butiaba (Butiaba) on lake albert. Already in the 30s. steamboats cruised the lake between Uganda and the Congo, but then the railroad disappeared, and part of the ships died in the floods in 1962, and some were cut into scrap metal.
Masindi is very small - only two main streets intersecting in the center of the town. On Port Road (Port Rd.) there are banks, hotels and a post office, and on Market Street (Market St.) - market and bus station. The only attraction is the Masindi Hotel. (22-34 Masindi Port Rd., (+ 256-046-5420023; + 256-0772420130; www.masindihotel.com)Built in 1923. This is the country's oldest hotel and historical monument. Walk along Port Road in the opposite direction from where you entered the city. (10 min.). Passing the police station, look to the right. A single-story building behind a brick fence suffered during the civil war, but in 2000 it was bought by a family of immigrants from Aden. They completely restored the decoration of the 1920s, decorating the interiors with carved wooden panels. Here you can see animals, scenes from the life of the natives of Bunyoro and explorers of Africa. If you are facing the main entrance, then to your left will be the wing of the building where Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn lived in 1950 - the stars of the military movie theater "African Queen". The shooting of the Queen took place in neighboring Congo and on Lake Albert, and some episodes on Lake Kyoga in the port of Masindi. The hotel is conveniently located between two lakes, so the film crew came here to relax. If you turn right from the main entrance and pass through the open courtyard of the restaurant, you can see a small outhouse where Ernest Hemingway spent the night with his wife Mary in 1954 (current number 8).
Accommodation in a hotel costs about 100,000. per night. In any case, you should sit in the bar, where Humphrey Bogart himself drank. Not far from Masindi Hotel there are two more clean hotels - both are located on Masindi Port Road, near the post office.
Matatu Butiabu (not earlier than 8.00, about 1 h. on the way, 7000 w.) sent depending on the filling, so you can wait for a long time. Taxi ride (Private hired taxi) with the return will cost at least 100,000 sh. The car can be found at the bus station or at any of the hotels. Local travel agency Yebo Tours (+256-046-5420029, +256-0772637493, 070-1637493) provide a car with a driver for the whole day (from $ 80, including fuel), and help with a trip to Budongo Central and Murchison Falls (from $ 145/1 day).
The road to Lake Albert climbs the ridge that stretches along the Great Rift Valley - from the cliff (Escarpment) opens enchanting view. A road winds down to a crossroads, from which you can go to Butiabu (Butiaba 3 km) or bulisa (Bulisa, about 50 km). The bus stop in Butiab is located on the market square, another 100 m ahead and you are on the shore of the lake. The sharp-nosed boats are lined up along the beach, nets are drying nearby, and African cows with giant horns are grazing under palm trees. A police post is located right next to the water: smuggling and illegal migration flourish in the vicinity of Butiaba. If you walk along the beach to the right of it, you can find the remains of the port (1 km).
To continue the journey, return to the square and take the boda boda. (3000 w.) to the intersection. There will have to wait for a minibus to Bulisa (8000 w., About 1 h.) - This is the closest public transport stop to Murchison Falls. From there boda boda takes you to the ferry paraa (30 min., 15,000 w.). At the park gate will have to linger for 10-15 minutes. to arrange a visit ($ 35/1 day. + Transportation fee).Most park campsites organize excursions. (The exception is Red Chilli - they carry right from Kampala). You can also go to the park checkpoint at the Paraa crossing. UWA offices there (maintenance $ 10, river walks to the waterfall $ 25 - from 14.30 to 17.00, in season also 9.00-12.00) and wild frontiers (+ 256-0773897275, 0702152928; www.wildfrontiers.co.ug; 5-hour ride through the park for 1 person - $ 150, river walk $ 30). UWA organizes 4-hour trips in the park from $ 15 / person, but only with a sufficient number of applicants.
In the National Park of Murchison Falls there are not only rhinos, zebras and cheetahs: they once lived here, but they all came out. The rare Rothschild giraffe is found, but this species can only be identified by a specialist. Elephants are active in the morning, ungulates sutra until evening. The more birds there are, the closer you are to Lake Albert: the shallows and reeds of the river mouth provide a feathery hearty meal. Monkeys are especially prominent among monkeys, and red hussar monkeys (Patas monkey) more rare. During river walks, there is a great chance to see elephants and buffaloes coming to the watering, not to mention hippos and Nile crocodiles.
Safari routes pass along the northern coast of Victoria-Nile, so excursions are tied to the schedule of the Paraa ferry - it starts at 7.00 from the southern coast.The morning excursion lasts until about 11.00, after which you return to the river and transfer to the boat. It is more difficult to go against the current, so swimming up to the waterfall takes 1.5-2 hours. (back - 1 hour). Close to it, the boats are not suitable, but they make a 10-minute stop at the cliff separating the river flow about 800 m from the cascade. On the southern coast of Victoria Nile, below the waterfall, the trail begins: during a river walk you can land on the shore and climb on foot. On the plateau (on the south side) there is a ranger station, drink trays and unequipped camping. Without transport it will be difficult to get out, so the best time for such an undertaking is the first half of the day: there is a chance to sail with the afternoon boat. During the season there are quite a few of them: besides the UWA, many hotels and campgrounds keep their boats.
Those who returned from the waterfall before 4 pm have the opportunity to make an evening tour of the savannah of the northern coast. It lasts about 2.5 hours, since the ferry departs for the last return flight at 19.30.
In East Africa, 26 species of very poisonous snakes live, in the south of the mainland poisonous reptiles are about the same. On this occasion, do not panic, because the chances of encountering a snake while walking are minimal. It is sensitive to shaking the soil, so it crawls out of the way before you notice it. If you are still afraid - just stomp your feet more actively while walking.